|Sustainable wood sources||98.6%||98.8%||99%||99%||99%|
|Unsustainable wood sources||1.4%||1.2%||1%||1%||1%|
Deforestation, caused by farmers using virgin forest as a source of wood fuel for tobacco curing, is an issue we have been addressing for many years with great success. We are pleased to report that, in 2018, 99% of farmers’ wood fuel came from sustainable sources.
We encourage farmers to source wood from woodlands grown for fuel supply purposes and to plant trees to supply their own needs. The trees are usually grown alongside tobacco farms as an environmentally sustainable crop.
Our afforestation programmes encourage tree planting to provide a sustainable source of wood for farmers who require it for tobacco curing. For example, in Pakistan, we have a long-running afforestation programme, which has seen over 78 million saplings distributed and planted, and is considered to be the largest private afforestation scheme in the country. And in Bangladesh, our Bonayan afforestation programme, which was launched in the 1980s, has distributed more than 100 million free saplings to rural communities.
We also work to find locally available alternative fuels, such as candlenut shells, coffee or rice paddy husks. For example, since 1997 100% of our farmers in Sri Lanka have used rice paddy husks as a fuel to cure tobacco, instead of wood. All fuels have environmental impacts, so we are also evaluating ways to minimise fuel consumption, for example by using innovative designs for curing barns.
Sustainable wood sources are defined as: wood resources harvested legally from planted sources in such a way that does not cause any detrimental social, environmental or economic impact. This may include:
This definition does not include conversion of natural forests to plantations in order to produce wood for tobacco curing.