Human rights and modern slavery
Respecting and recognising fundamental freedoms
To achieve our purpose of building A Better Tomorrow™, we must protect human rights and deliver a positive social impact in the communities in which we operate.
We have had a long-standing commitment to respect fundamental human rights, as affirmed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This commitment includes respecting the rights of our employees, the people we work with and the communities in which we operate, across our supply chains and business operations.
Protecting human rights is a clear priority in our Group Sustainability Agenda for delivering a positive social impact. Our Agenda also focuses on other important environmental, social and governance (ESG) topics that are interrelated to human rights, including climate change, farmer livelihoods, health and safety, people and culture, and business ethics.
In December 2020, we became the first tobacco company to publish a Human Rights Report . The report presents the progress we’ve made, highlights our ongoing work and outlines our plans for the future. It is aligned with the UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework, which provides comprehensive guidance for companies to report on how they respect human rights in accordance with the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Watch our video below to find out more.
BAT launches tobacco industry-first Human Rights Report
In December 2020, on Human Rights Day, BAT became the first tobacco company to publish a Human Rights Report. The report highlights our commitment and actions to protect human rights across out global business and supply chain
In addition, each year we publish our Modern Slavery Statement , in accordance with the UK Modern Slavery Act. The statement details the steps taken by BAT plc and subsidiary Group companies to prevent modern slavery and human trafficking in our business and supply chains.
Our annual ESG Report also provides comprehensive details of our approach to human rights and performance for the year, in the context of our broader Sustainability Agenda.
Our approach to human rights
Our approach to human rights management is aligned to the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs). This includes following a defined process to identify our most important and salient human rights impacts, for which:
- We engage: to understand the views of, and impacts upon, our key stakeholders and rights-holders across our value chain, including extensive engagement with rights-holders in tobacco-growing communities as part of our human rights impact assessments;
- We research: to understand our place in the big picture and identify emerging risks, trends and best practice; and
- We prioritise: to focus on the issues of greatest importance to our stakeholders and rights-holders.
Full details of the assessment and the salient human rights impacts identified can be found on pages 14-15 of our Human Rights Report .
Our Main Board of Directors has overall responsibility for human rights. The Board is supported by the Audit Committee, which monitors performance, risks and adherence to our standards. This oversight is underpinned by our Regional Audit and CSR Committee framework. Together, our governance framework provides a flexible channel for the structured flow of information, monitoring and oversight of key issues, including those relating to human rights, at all levels of the Group from our local business units to the Board level.
We work to keep ourselves – and our supply chain – aligned and accountable through strong policies, due diligence and remediation programmes.
Our Standards of Business Conduct (SoBC) sets out the high standards we are committed to upholding. It comprises our core global policies, including our Workplace and Human Rights Policy detailing our support for the UNGPs and the ILO’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Our Supplier Code of Conduct complements our SoBC by defining the minimum standards expected of all suppliers to any BAT Group company – including human rights criteria.
Supply chain due diligence
Our due diligence and remediation programmes enable us to monitor the effectiveness of, and compliance with, our policy commitments, as well as to identify, prevent and mitigate human rights risks, impacts and abuses.
Due to the inherent risks in agriculture, our tobacco supply chain is particularly vulnerable to human rights issues. We have extensive due diligence in place for all our tobacco leaf operations and third-party suppliers, including the industry-wide Sustainable Tobacco Programme, systematic farm monitoring and human rights impact assessments. We also take a long-term and collaborative approach to mitigating the risks and tackling the root causes, including rural poverty.
See Human rights and child labour in tobacco growing for more details.
Beyond tobacco, we source product materials like paper and filters for cigarettes; and for our New Category products, we have a growing supply chain in consumer electronics and e-liquids. Before we start working with a new product materials supplier, they must undergo an independent audit by our partner Intertek . The audit assesses workplace conditions covering forced labour, child labour, wages and hours, health and safety, environment, and management systems. It is aligned with international standards, including those of the ILO, and we expect suppliers to achieve a minimum score of 70% to qualify.
We maintain a rigorous focus on human rights in the supply chain and conduct an annual risk assessment on 100% of our existing materials suppliers. Using independent human rights indices developed by Verisk Maplecroft , we assess suppliers’ inherent risk exposure based on their country location and the goods or services they provide. Suppliers identified as high risk are then prioritised for audits.
Following the Intertek audit, we work collaboratively with suppliers to help them implement corrective actions for all issues identified. We track suppliers’ progress against the corrective action plans centrally. For moderate issues, Intertek verifies they have been completed through a desktop review for which the supplier provides evidence. For all serious issues, suppliers are re-audited within three to six months.
Subsidiary operations due diligence
Every year, all our employees and business entities must formally confirm that they have complied with the SoBC.
Our business entities complete an annual assessment against our key audit controls in which they confirm that their area of business, or market, has adequate procedures in place to support SoBC compliance. All our employees must also complete our annual SoBC sign-off, in which they reaffirm their commitment and adherence to the SoBC and declare or redeclare any personal conflicts of interest. As part of the annual sign-off procedure, employees also undergo SoBC training with examples of different scenarios they may face in their daily work, covering topics such as discrimination, modern slavery and freedom of association.
In addition, we have a defined process to identify and carefully monitor BAT operations in countries with a higher risk for human rights issues. This process includes an annual risk assessment of all countries worldwide, using Verisk Maplecroft’s human rights indices (such as its Modern Slavery Index). Our businesses in each high-risk country identified then complete a human rights assessment, confirming compliance with Group policies, standards and controls, and providing details of measures in place to enhance human rights management. The process is reviewed by our Board Audit Committee at each stage, including details of action plans for any areas of improvement identified.
Our SoBC Assurance Procedure sets out in detail how allegations of wrongdoing or breaches of the SoBC should be investigated and dealt with fairly and objectively. Details of all reported allegations are monitored through the year by our Regional Audit and CSR Committees, and quarterly by the Board Audit Committee.
Speak Up channels
We encourage anyone working for, or with, the Group to raise concerns or grievances through our Speak Up channels which are independently managed and available 24 hours a day online, by text or telephone. The channels can be used in confidence and anonymously and are available in multiple local languages, and their details are promoted through staff training and communications, the SoBC app and the Supplier Code of Conduct.
Our Speak Up Policy makes it clear no one will suffer any direct or indirect reprisal for speaking up about actual or suspected wrongdoing, even if they are mistaken. We do not tolerate the harassment or victimisation of anyone raising concerns or anyone who assists them. Such conduct is itself a breach of the SoBC and a serious disciplinary matter.
In our most recent global ‘Your Voice’ survey in 2019, completed by 90% of Group employees, we asked for the first time if employees felt they “can report concerns about actual or suspected wrongdoing at work without fear of reprisal” – 79% strongly agreed, 8% higher than the FMCG comparator norm.