EN11 Location and size of land owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas
Group companies own or lease 16,349 hectares of land (18,583 in 2008), of which 7,578 hectares (9,303 in 2008) is leased or owned by companies for conservation purposes.
The land reduction followed rationalisation of our business. In Ghana the selling of conservation land accounted for part of this reduction. During 2009, we continued to use biodiversity risk and opportunity assessments to identify and scope out threats to biodiversity. The three-phase assessment is a process requiring input from employees and other stakeholders including non-governmental organisations, local communities and universities. This leads to the development of corrective action plans as required.
EN12 Description of significant impacts of activities, products and services on biodiversity in protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas
Working in partnership with three NGOs – Fauna & Flora International, The Tropical Biology Association and the Earthwatch Institute – we continue to develop our management of biodiversity issues, measuring our impacts, setting targets for tackling them and reporting on progress. These include targets to undertake biodiversity risk and opportunity assessments in all our leaf growing operations and produce corrective action plans by 2010, to provide biodiversity training for our key leaf and senior staff, and for directly contracted farmers in our supply chain to source less than 3 per cent of curing wood from natural forest by 2015.
During 2009, the British American Tobacco Biodiversity Partnership provided training at three regional biodiversity workshops. The aim of the workshops was to enable employees to identify and, where necessary, mitigate possible biodiversity risks associated with our operations. Following the workshops, individual businesses were tasked with conducting risk assessments and developing action plans to address any identified risks.
In 2008, the Partnership produced a report on global biodiversity risk mapping, identifying locations where risks to biodiversity are high, medium or low. Thirty three base maps of sites of biodiversity significance were produced for areas where the Group has leaf-growing operations, using internationally accepted designations (IUCN protected area categories, RAMSAR wetlands, Important Bird Areas, World Heritage Sites, Estimated Ranges of Endangered Great Apes, Conservation International Biodiversity Hotspots, IUCN Centres of Plant Diversity), and information on vegetation cover and water bodies.
Biodiversity risks were assessed at two levels:
- Country level assessments used indicators of biodiversity richness and threats; rates of habitat loss; socio-economic development; scale, recent history and projected changes in Group leaf operations; and level of reliance on wood fuel and wood from natural forests.
- Operating area assessments involved overlaying leaf-growing areas on the base biodiversity maps to identify proximity to designated sites of biodiversity significance or water bodies. Scoring criteria were developed for each indicator and for aggregating scores into ‘high’, ‘medium’ and ‘low’ ratings.
The operating area assessments complement the country assessments, and cannot be merged.
A number of limitations apply to an assessment of this type. Nonetheless it may be used to identify issues to investigate in more detail at a local level and to help prioritise the undertaking of biodiversity risk and opportunity assessments (BROAs). The results have now been shared with our companies to assist them in preparing their own BROAs and associated action plans.
A Biodiversity Statement applies to all Group companies setting out our commitments for managing biodiversity. For more information on the Biodiversity Statement, please see EN14.
EN13 Habitats protected or restored
A number of the British American Tobacco Biodiversity Partnership projects focus primarily on the restoration or conservation of habitats. In 2009, the Partnership continued its work on native forest regeneration and management projects.
- Souza Cruz, our subsidiary in Brazil, is working with the Partnership to develop a feasible method on how to implement a green corridor in Parana state.
- Our company in Uganda is supporting Partnership work to bring native forest under sustainable management, through a programme of afforestation, education and alternative income generating activities.
- The Partnership continues to support our companies in Chile and Sri Lanka to regenerate native forest from eucalypt plantations. Through engagement with local universities in both locations, local management plans on regeneration have been produced for company use. The methods employed in Sri Lanka for eucalypt control have been accepted for publication in the Ceylon Journal of Science. The Partnership aims to complete, by the end of 2010, a comparative case study which our companies may use as a guide for regeneration back to near natural forest from eucalypt.
EN14 Strategies, current actions, and future plans for managing impacts on biodiversity
Our Biodiversity Statement sets out the Group’s position. It includes a requirement for our companies to undertake biodiversity risk assessments to help incorporate biodiversity impacts management into business planning. The following are included in the Statement, which is on the Biodiversity Partnership website www.batbiodiversity.org and at www.bat.com/principles :
- We will always ensure that our business is in compliance with all international, national and local biodiversity regulations as a minimum requirement;
- In all geographical areas of our own business operations, and for potential areas of future operation, we commit to assessing our impacts, i.e. we will identify areas of high biodiversity value and understand our impacts on ecosystem services;
- These assessments and stakeholder engagements will lead to action plans to minimise, mitigate or offset our impacts, with effective monitoring mechanisms to ensure such action plans are implemented and progress is reported; and
- We will also take steps to share information with suppliers, assisting them in understanding and managing their impacts on biodiversity, hence minimising our impact throughout the supply chain, e.g. in the sourcing of leaf and packaging materials.
Since trialling the biodiversity risk and opportunity assessments (BROAs) in Uganda and Indonesia, the British American Tobacco Biodiversity Partnership has developed a resource package for BROAs, including training materials.
The training materials were used at three regional biodiversity assessment training workshops which took place in 2009 (see EN12). Three more countries have since undertaken a BROA in Kenya, Pakistan and Fiji.
The Biodiversity Partnership is currently in the process of providing feedback on this work and reviewing resulting corrective action plans. We are on track to meet our goal to carry out BROAs in all our leaf-growing operations by the end of 2010.
EN15 Number of IUCN Red List species and national conservation list species with habitats in areas affected by operations by level of extinction risk
All Group companies are required to undertake a risk assessment to identify the presence of protected or sensitive areas, IUCN Red List species and any negative impacts due to company operations on the diversity of life and natural systems within the spheres of influence of company owned or leased tracts of land.
The process for assessing biodiversity risks and opportunities includes the use of reference materials containing information on sites of biodiversity significance including IUCN protected area categories, RAMSAR wetlands, Important Bird Areas, World Heritage Sites, Estimated Ranges of Endangered Great Apes, Conservation International Biodiversity Hotspots, IUCN Centres of Plant Diversity, and information on vegetation cover and water bodies.
The biodiversity risk and opportunity assessment (BROA) in Uganda covered threats to habitats in areas affected by operations and includes habitat conversion and wood collection by farming communities, including tobacco growers. The resulting corrective action plan focuses on habitat rather than species level. For more information, please see the Spotlight on Uganda in the Environment section of this Report.
The BROA in Indonesia identified no IUCN Red List species and national conservation list species with habitats in areas affected by operations. Tobacco-growing areas in Indonesia are embedded in intensively cultivated rice-growing agricultural landscapes and no specific impact of tobacco production was identified in relation to threatened species.
The BROA in Pakistan identified no specific risks to threatened IUCN Red List species.
We aim to carry out BROAs in all the areas where tobacco leaf is grown for us by the end of 2010. For more information, please see the Environment section of this Report.
EN16 Total direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions by weight
|Direct CO2 WBCSD 1||384,625||393,531|| |
|Indirect CO2 WBCSD 2||365,049||367,094|| |
|Indirect CO2 WBCSD 3||185,056||183,295|| |
|Per million cigarettes equivalent ||0.94||0.86||8.5%|
We report all greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalent. The source is primarily energy used and waste to landfill which produces methane. Emissions of CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs and SF6 are currently estimated as less than 0.002 per cent; therefore we consider them as insignificant and do not include them in our figures. The increase in total energy was due to more detailed measurement of both energy consumption and output at unit level.